A legal suite is when the secondary suite or garden suite adheres to zoning bylaws, meets BC building codes, and has all of the building, electrical, and plumbing permits in place. Furthermore, a qualified inspector has inspected the suite, and the City has issued a final occupancy permit. A secondary suite or garden suite is not legal until a final inspection has been passed.
An illegal suite is when a garden suite or secondary suite within a single-family home, duplex, or townhome does not meet all the BC building codes, zoning bylaws, or it was not completed with the proper permits. For instance, a secondary suite could have its own kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, and a separate entrance. Still, if it does not have the required number of parking spaces as per the bylaws, there could be complaints from neighbours or fines issued by the municipality.
A zoning bylaw places restrictions on the use of property, location of buildings on a property, and the shape of buildings that are permitted. Each District has its own set of bylaws that residents must follow. The bylaws include a property’s zoning and will influence the property’s use and market value.
Are you looking to add a suite or renovate an existing space into a secondary suite? For homes built after July 1st, 2000, new construction must comply with the current BC building codes. Whereas for homes built before July 1st, 2000, homeowners may have more flexible options to comply with building codes since older homes often have lower ceilings or narrow hallways, which would be very expensive for homeowners to change.
A secondary suite is a separate living area within or attached to a single-family dwelling. Secondary suites are commonly called basement suites or in-law suites. Recently, changes to the building code now allow secondary suites in duplexes, townhouses and row houses in BC.
A secondary suite must be attached to the primary single-family dwelling, but it operates as a self-contained suite with a separate kitchen, bathroom, and at least one bedroom, and entrance. Often, there can be shared spaces between the occupants of the secondary suite and single-family home such as laundry, garages or utility rooms.
It’s important to note that duplexes or homes with an existing garden suite are not allowed to also have a secondary suite. If a home has a secondary suite, the primary residence must be owner-occupied.
A garden suite is a separate residential structure located in the backyard of a single-family home. The requirements for the allowance of a garden suite include but are not limited to the following: zoning, location, height, setbacks, building code, access, and maximum total floor area.
As previously mentioned above, garden suites are not permitted when there is already an existing secondary suite within the single-family dwelling. Similar to secondary suites, if a property has a garden suite, the primary residence must be owner-occupied.
That being said, many suites in BC are illegal but continue to be rented out. The primary concern with illegal suites is ensuring occupants’ safety. However, renters of illegal suites still have the same rights under the Residential Tenancy Act. Also, illegal suites do increase the supply of rental housing (especially in competitive rental markets such as Victoria).
If there is a legal secondary suite or a garden suite on the property, the income from the suite can help a prospective purchaser qualify for a larger mortgage. However, if a suite is illegal, a lender cannot use the suite’s projected rental income in the financing qualifications because the rental income is not guaranteed.
However, if the suite is legal, a homebuyer will be able to use the projected rental income from the suite in addition to their personal income to help them qualify for a mortgage on that specific property. A home with a legal secondary suite or garden suite can help a prospective homebuyer who may require more income in order to afford a home in a more desirable neighbourhood.
If the property that you’re interested in has a suite, but the suite isn’t legal, you won’t be able to declare the potential rental income from the suite when qualifying for your mortgage. You may, however, very likely still be able to rent out the suite (even if it’s illegal). But, if you’re highly dependent on the rental income from an illegal suite, it may be too risky financially in case you lose the rental income. It’s important to speak with your mortgage broker and take time to go over your finances.
That’s all for now on legal suites, illegal suites, and garden suites. I hope you have a great week ahead!
*Disclaimer: The topics of discussion, content and resources on this website are general information that may not be the right solution or advice for you specifically. Not intended to solicit buyers or sellers currently under contract with a brokerage.
*Stock images from Social Squares